~Daily Journal~ Week 6

October 8, 2012: ABC finding aid research, citations and blog post. Preliminary research Baba Padmanji collection 7 1/2 hours

It is interesting to note in light of the conversation I overheard last week.  Brigette was unexpectedly detained over the weekend and so didn’t make it back in time, but she had given me so much work to do that I certainly didn’t lack for want of projects.

I worked on creating the finding aid for the ABC through more research.  I created the citations for the books I used for writing the abstract and the history, after I finished those sections of the finding aid.  Even using Zotera for my citations it still takes a bit of time to format them correctly in the finding aid and make sure all the information that is needed is there.  I also worked on my blog post regarding the collection, which takes a bit from what I wrote in my journal here.

I looked at my next collection which is a handwritten copy of an autobiography of a Hindu man and tried to find some sources to use for the research portion of this one.

These are my sources that I looked at for the ABC collection:

  • Kinnamon, Michael & Brian E. Cope. Editors. The Ecumenical Movement: An Anthology of Key Texts and Voices. Geneva : Grand Rapids, Mich: WCC Publications ; W.B. Eerdmans Pub, 1997. (This was an excellent book, I used his forward quite a bit.  It is available from the Burke)
  • Mirus, Jeffrey. The Documents of the Second Vatican Council: A Summary and Guide. Trinity Communications, 2011. (I used this to clarify a quote from Radano about the Second Vatican Council in my history section of the finding aid.)
  • Radano, John A. Editor. Celebrating a Century of Ecumenism: Exploring the Achievements of International Dialogue: In Commemoration of the Centenary of the 1910 Edinburgh World Missionary Conference. Grand Rapids, Mich: W.B. Eerdmans Pub. Co, 2012. (This is an excellent book, recently written on the ecumenical movement.  It focuses on the international movement so some of the dates seem to be off.  For instance I found records for bilateral conversations with certain parties much earlier in this little collection than what is mentioned in the book.  It was an enjoyable read and I learned a lot about the organization and what they are trying to accomplish. It is available at the Burke)
  • Slack, Kenneth. The Ecumenical Movement. London: Edinburgh House Press, 1960. (A little book that helped me with writing my history.  It is available at the Burke.)
  • Todd, John M. Catholicism and the Ecumenical Movement. London: Longmans, Green, 1956. (This book helped me understand the huge role that the Roman Catholic Church has played in ecumenical conversation.  It is a great book with loads of information.  It is available at the Burke.)

Therese are further sources that I thought might be useful for researchers, I didn’t actually check them out from the library but after reading the abstracts I thought they might be helpful:

  • Norgren, William A. Faith and Order in the U.S.A.: a Brief History of Studies and Relationships. Grand Rapids, Mich: William B. Eerdmans Pub, 2011. Print.
  • Council on Christian Unity. Further bilateral conversations between Catholics and Disciples : October 16-17, 1968, April 25-26, 1969, November 3-5, 1970, June 8-10, 1971, March 8-10, 1972, June 26-28, 1972. Indianapolis, Ind, 1973. Print.
  • Kasper, Walter. Harvesting the Fruits: Basic Aspects of Christian Faith in Ecumenical Dialogue. London ; New York: Continuum, 2009. Print.  (I’d like to find this book, It really looked interesting.)
  • National Council of the Churches of Christ in the United States of America. The National Council of Churches : what it is, what it does. New York, N.Y.: The Council, 1960. Print.
  • O’Malley, John W. “Vatican II Opened the Church to the World.” The New York Times 10 Oct. 2012. Web. 15 Oct. 2012. (This I did read since it was in the NYT at the same time I was writing this article.  The link is in the blog post I wrote about the collection.)
  • Obach, Robert E. “Some recent Protestant points of view (1956-1966) concerning the goal of the Roman Catholic Church’s participation in the modern ecumenical movement.” 1968, unpaged. Dissertation.
  • United States Conference of Catholic Bishops. Accessed 10/2012. Webpage. http://old.usccb.org/seia/index.shtml

October 9, 2012:  ABC finding aid abstract, history and blog post; further Baba research  5 1/2 hours

Finished refining the abstract and history (I was so nervous with this one since it was my first collection that I spent a lot of time trying to make sure it was perfect.)   I included the list of separated items and submitted it for review.  Brigette took a good look at it and came and sat with me while we went over changes.  Many of the changes were technical in nature, some of the formatting needed to be corrected, but they were things that weren’t covered in the guide.  Like clicking the paragraph button to make sure all the colors of the text were black and not the left over red from the template.  There were some changes to made in the abstract (I was too wordy and some of the info could be placed in the scope and contents notes) and the  history (again too wordy and there was information that was more opinion than fact.)  She also had me move some things around in the scope and contents notes.  I corrected the changes made by Brigette.  I need to add an additional paragraph stating what is happening in modern times, but I left the book at home that has modern information so I will need to do it next week.

I finished  the blog post using a journal entry from my practicum for most of it, transferred pictures to the post using an email I sent myself from home for the Burke Archives blog titled “Unity in the Midst of Diversity

I researched the new archival collection and I didn’t find much (I later realized that it was because I was using the official version of his name with the accents and tildes instead of just typing in Baba Padmanji.  I also took some pictures of the book and worked on the work plan.

Cover of The Autobiography of Baba Padmanji (1944 handwritten translation from Marathi to English)

This was the basic info that Brigette sent me in an email earlier in the week (you can see the official version of his name that I was using to search:

2. Padamanjí, Bãbã, 1831 – 1906
Contents from Inventory  info:  Convert from Hinduism, Bombay, India.
Arunodaya, the autobiography of Bãbã Padmanjí [1888], translated by D.D. Chandekar, 1944, ms, 381p. English
1 box, 0.25 linear ft.
http://clio.cul.columbia.edu:7018/vwebv/holdingsInfo?bibId=4492547  (this now has a link to my finding aid in it that of course wasn’t originally there.)

Total hours: 13

Running Total: 62

~Daily Journal~ Week 3

September 17, 2012: Reorganization of files, Part 1   3 1/4 hours

I began with the Protestant conversations series, since that is only one box and I figured I’d be able to go through it faster.  That was a misconception.  It took me most of the 3 hours to go through and organize that one box.  Only because there were a number of loose articles, that needed to be placed correctly.  Thankfully there was a “List of Conversations” that I had found as I was making an inventory of the contents.  Using that list I was able to not only determine which conversations the articles were supposed to go to, but I could also place authors with the articles.  Granted this is the catalog librarian coming out in me and it is really the researchers job to figure that information out.  In the end the articles will go in the correct folder and while I know the authors of the papers, that information will probably not make it onto the finding aid.  Thankfully that “List” will be noted at the very beginning of the Finding Aid and it will be the first folder in the collection. I got through this box and the very first box of Roman Catholic Conversations with the American Baptist Convention.  I put post it notes on the boxes to state their new number and I also made a note of the topics of any significant papers in each of the folders.  This is to help determine if the collection is going to be organized according to date or topic.  I also made a list of books that are going to be separated out of the collection.  These books were cross referenced with CLIO to make sure they were part of Columbia University’s collection already.  They were also cross referenced with WorldCat to determine if there were other copies in other locations.  So if there was a pamphlet that was available offsite at Columbia, but the only other copy was in the Netherlands, we decided to keep the pamphlet with the collection regardless of the fact that it could have been requested through CLIO.  I am keeping track of the books by grabbing citations via Zotera (an app that will grab the citation information of reading material and save it to a library on their server, which you can later use to form a bibliography.)  I copied the bibliographical information from Zotera and made a word document entitled “Separated Items.”  I also listed the Columbia Libraries call number and bibid number.  This way the location and presence of the books in the library can be verified before the books are officially separated from the collection.  A notation of the presence of these books will be noted in the finding aid and the exact list of separated items will be placed in an appendix at the end of the finding aid.

September 18, 2012: Reorganization of files, Part 2   3 1/4 hours

I finished with the reorganization of the folders.  I continued with my same method, as I moved folders from box to box.  I also continued to make a note of the topics of the articles within each folder.  Although about half way through the rest of the reorganization I had determined that it would the wise decision to organize by date and just make a mention of notable topics in the finding aid.  I also continued checking CLIO and WorldCat on the books included in the collection to determine if they were to be separated out or if they were to remain a part of the collection.  In the end there are around 15 books that will be separated out of the collection.

I find myself distracted by some of the papers that were written for consideration at these ecumenical conferences.  I am impressed with the sentiments and recognition of the necessity of unity within all members of the church every where.  I just wanted to record a few of the statements I found in just my brief time sorting through the material.  Keep in mind most of these papers were written in the late 60s.  (Also I have “retouched” the papers in the photographs to get rid of the text that doesn’t apply to what I’m talking about.  I wanted to just show you what the papers look like, but I didn’t want the distraction of other portions of the paper in the photograph.  You can of course look at all of these papers in the collection as soon as I finish the finding aid)

Daniel J. O’Hanlon, S. J. “The Ministry and Order of the Church”
Credit to WAB: American Bilateral Conversations Records, Series 1, Box 4, Folder 16, The Burke Library Archives (Columbia University Libraries) at Union Theological Seminary, New York.

I like the simple realization that what these church leaders are attempting to do isn’t easy, but that division is a problem worth trying to fix.

 I love Glenn E. Baumann’s statement about the right to worship within Inter Christian marriages.

Glenn E. Baumann, “The Churches and Their Attitudes Toward Inter Christian Marriages “
Credit to WAB: American Bilateral Conversations Records, Series 1, Box 5, Folder 2, The Burke Library Archives (Columbia University Libraries) at Union Theological Seminary, New York.

Monsignor Henry G. J. Beck has similar desire for unity rather than division on this same topic.

Monsignor Henry G. J. Beck, “Proposed Pastoral Guidelines for Inter-Christian Marriages”
Credit to WAB: American Bilateral Conversations Records, Series 1, Box 5, Folder 2, The Burke Library Archives (Columbia University Libraries) at Union Theological Seminary, New York.

A couple of quotes from papers I just enjoyed reading, one because I liked the corrections that were penciled in and the other is just a great quote.  (I am unsure of the author as it is not listed on the paper…but it might be on that list!)

Unknown, “The Ordination of Women”
Credit to WAB: American Bilateral Conversations Records, Series 1, Box 5, Folder 4, The Burke Library Archives (Columbia University Libraries) at Union Theological Seminary, New York.

I don’t know if you can read the words that are “carroted” in at the end but it says “respond creatively to…”  It is obvious that unity in all aspects was a difficult task.

I just like this last quote.

Robert McAfee Brown “Order and Ministry in the Reformed Tradition”
Credit to WAB: American Bilateral Conversations Records, Series 1, Box 4, Folder 16, The Burke Library Archives (Columbia University Libraries) at Union Theological Seminary, New York.

I wanted to just give you a taste of what is in this collection.  It is fascinating and relevant even today, as ecumenical discussions are still on going, so of the topics remain the same and some of the topics are new, but the idea behind unity in the church is still a driving force.

September 21, 2012: Label folders, re-folder materials, remove all metal.   3 hours

I began the process of re-housing the material and starting the finding aid.  After a discussion with Brigette it was concluded that organization will be in two series (Series I: Roman Catholic conversations and Series II: Protestant Conversations.) Within those two series it will be alphabetical according to denomination and then by date.  Since that was how my initial re-organization was set up, it is now a fairly easy process of recording on the finding aid each box and it’s folders, as well as labeling new legal size folders appropriately and then removing staples and paper clips of the papers going into each folder.  The staples are removed from pamphlets as well as the regular papers.  I love the staple remover it is awesome.

It is difficult for me to figure out how I am going to eventually be able to move to a “More Product, Less Process” (MPLP) way of creating the finding aid. I am so much attuned to item level description that it is difficult here at the beginning to wrap my head around general box description. I’m glad I am starting out on a collection that I am being allowed to describe to the fullest extent.  It is not quite item level, but it is definitely folder level.  I hope that I can figure out how to process according to MPLP standards.  I think it might be difficult.

I do have to say that I am enjoying all this organizing though.  It is quite fun.

Total hours: 9 1/2

Running hours: 32 3/4

~Daily Journal~ Week 2

September 10, 2012: Inventory 3 3/4 hours

6 boxes of the WAB: American Bilateral Conversations Records Collection

I started my inventory of the collection today.  I was able to get through 2 1/4 boxes.   To begin with I am making a very detailed inventory, since I am trying to get an idea of what this collection is about.  I’ll post a copy of the inventory when I finish the job.  Additionally I found out that I would be able the librarian viewing of the exhibit of “Crossing Borders” at the Jewish Museum on the 21st instead of coming into the Burke.  I had to register today.  I’ll talk a lot more about the exhibit on the 21st but until then if you’re interested in seeing a preview, here is an article in the NYT that talks about it.

September 11, 2012: Inventory Part 2 3 1/4 hours 

After a very sad train ride into the city this morning that put a nice big delay in my schedule and a damper on my mood, I was worried I wasn’t going to be able to finish the inventory, but I was lucky!  I was able to get through everything in the boxes.  By the time I got to the last two boxes I stopped being so detailed in the description, since it was pretty much the same sorts of things.  Plus I was now familiar with what the collection was about.  Here is the final inventory.  [pdf]

September 14, 2012: Work Plan finished/Finding Aid begun 3 3/4 hours

I created a work plan, [pdf] which according to the process Brigette has created to help with organization has 6 parts to it.  I will summarize those points below.

1. Statement of the research potential of the collection
2. Description of the current physical state of the collection
3. Appraisal (why is this in the archives?)
4. Recommendations for organization
5. Description of preservation needs of any special formats
6. Finding aid elements, divide into series, etc..

After I had finished I sent it to Brigette for review and then had a discussion with her regarding any points she wanted to bring out.  Most of the discussion was based on the future organization of the collection and how to make the finding aid.  They have a template (how awesome is that!)  So I am able to just follow the template.  As I noted at the end of the work plan I am going to start with just a basic organization of Roman Catholic led conversations followed by Protestant led conversations.  Once that is in place I need to start checking paper topic, each research paper’s availability in other mediums to determine if the paper remains in the collection or is separated out.  Once that is done I will have another discussion with Brigette so we can decide whether to just arrange the remaining materials by date or if a topical arrangement would be better for those trying to find these materials.  I’m looking forward to work on Monday.

Total hours: 10 3/4

Running total: 23 1/4

~Daily Journal~ Week 1

September 4, 2012:  Orientation, blog writing and reading. 4  1/4 hours

Today was my first official day at the Burke.  I made sure that all of my passwords worked for the computer and then I was set to work writing a blog entry for the Burke Archives Blog (the link is down at the bottom of the page in the Blogroll).  If you want to take a look at what I wrote here it is: “Internship for the Uninitiated Archivist.”  Some of it will seem familiar from previous journal entries here, but there is some new stuff.  That took up most of my time AND Brigette assigned a bunch of reading for me to go over before I’m allowed to touch a collection to process.  So I have some homework.

I started out reading “The Power of Archives: Archivist Values and Value in the Post-Modern Age” [pdf] by Mark Greene, which was his Society of American Archivist (SAA) August 2008 presidential address.  This is an incredible speech that is applicable not only to archivists, but librarians in general.  I think all of us need to advocate more for our positions so that the public, managers, principals, government officials, etc… don’t forget how valuable we are to them and the communities we serve. He outlined 10 values that all archivist should adapt if they want to disabuse the notion that archivist are just “quiet professionals carrying out an admired but practically frivolous activity…”

The 10 Values every Archivist (or Librarian) must possess according to Mark Greene

  1. Professionalism–we participate in a job that is based on “specialized knowledge.”
  2. Collectivity–we need to collect in order to build collections that inter-relate and learn to work in collaboration with other institutions that have similar missions.
  3. Activism–we are active in shaping the historical record and we must advocate on archival issues.
  4. Selection–we are not just custodians of material, but active agents in creating historical record.
  5. Preservation–use should almost always trump preservation for some use is better than no use at all.
  6. Democracy–we are the public watchdog in support of access and government accountability.
  7. Service–it is the lynchpin between access and use.
  8. Diversity–we need to reflect it in our collections, as well as in the people we hire.
  9. Use & Access–use is the end of all archival effort to facilitate that we need to make our collections useful without requiring perfect answers to long term preservation.
  10. History–we are the repositories of primary source documents.  “Our collections are first, most important, chief, key, principal, major, crucial – all synonyms for primary.”

In the end our “elevator speech” as archivists should go something like this: “Archivists are professionals who shoulder the power of defining and providing access to the primary sources of history, primary sources that protect rights, educate students, inform the public and support a primal human desire to understand our past.”

Good stuff!  I want to use this speech as part of my research paper.  I have 10 more articles to read (I’ll do that next time).  Those articles include the processing guides by both Columbia University Libraries (CUL) and the Burke.  I have not read any of the articles she has given me before, so I’m looking forward to finding out what is in them.

September 7, 2012:  Reading, reading and more reading. 3  3/4 hours

I just wanted to begin by saying Happy 40th Birthday to me! I guess I’m an adult now.

I got to spend my time today reading the remainder of the articles.  Amazingly enough I was able to finish, but I feel like I need to spend a little more time on the Processing Guides developed by the Burke and CUL. I will spend a bit more time next week on that, but I am anxious to begin the collection.

I read the preface and the statement of principles to Describing Archives: A Content Standard better known as DACS, which was developed as a replacement for the “skeletal” rules in AACR2.  The biggest thing I got out of this reading was “respect des fonds“…in English it means provenance and original order.  These two things are the backbone of archival arrangement.  Basically materials must be kept together and not mixed or combined with records of another individual (respecting the provenance) and in their original order if it existed or has been maintained.  Additionally the collection must be organized in hierarchical groupings like collection, record group, series, file and item.   Description of the materials reflects the arrangement and the rules of description apply to all archival materials regardless of form or medium.  The descriptive system must be able to represent and maintain the relationships among the various parts of the hierarchy, with the user being able to navigate between higher and lower levels of description.

I was also assigned Chapter 4 “The Practice of Arrangement and Description” from the book Arranging and Describing Archives and Manuscripts by Kathleen Roe.  This is a great resource to have handy when in the process of going through a collection, especially for someone like me who doesn’t have much experience.  There were plenty of tables with examples and concise instructions.  I took notes and made additional notations on the handout Brigette gave me, hopefully I’ll be able to apply what was in this reading.  Respect des fonds and context were two of the overarching themes of the chapter. When forming context we should rely on information gathered from the collection that are REGULAR, PREDOMINANT, PROMINENT, COMMON, or MAJOR EVENTS.  To underline the necessity of respect des fonds the chapter comes with many examples of forms and suggestions for arrangement.

In Chapter 5 “Arrangement and Description” in Keeping Archives by Ann Pederson again the two things that stood out to me were CONTEXT and respect des fonds.  The book was full of case studies which were extremely helpful in illustrating the process.  I liked her suggestion that the archivist learn about all the various types of photo-mechanical reproductions…pictures show up a lot in archives, they all have different issues so it would be nice to know a little bit about them.  Also she posed some questions that archivist should ask themselves as they are going through a collection to get them thinking about arrangement and context. Who created the records? Who maintained them? What type of records are here?  What do they record? What are the range of dates? What are the actual dates of the records themselves? What is the arrangement and is there is basis for that arrangement? If the records are kept in volumes are they used for all the same things? Diaries or account ledgers? I thought these were great things to keep in mind.

I also reviewed “Conservation Guidelines: Transfer of Library Materials to the Harvard Depository” [pdf] which gave ideas on how to take care of a number of items you’d find in an archive.  As well as a couple of “Processing Cheat Sheets” and an archiving assignment that Brigette was given while she was in school to illustrate the arrangement and description process.

Whew! That was a lot of reading! But good for the uninitiated archivist!  I wish more of these had been included in the Management of Archives and Special Collections class at Pratt that I attended.


  • Archivists, Society of American. Describing Archives: A Content Standard. Society of American Archivists, 2007. Print.
  • Greene, Mark. “The Power of Archives: Archivists’ Values and Value in the Postmodern Age (with an Introduction by Dennis Meissner).” American Archivist 72.1 (2009): 13–41. Print.
  • Pederson, Ann, ed. Keeping Archives. First ed. Australian Society of Archivist Incorporated, 1987. Print.
  • Roe, Kathleen. Arranging and Describing Archives and Manuscripts. Society of American Archivists, 2005. Print.
I’ve been at the Burke for a week and I must say the work environment is quite different after working on the 6th floor of the Frick Art Reference Library, which has a magnificent view of Central Park and at Poets House, which was beautiful in a very minimalist way.  It is quite the change.  Check out this slide show to see the difference.

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Total hours: 8
Running total: 12  1/2

~ Daily Journal ~ Preliminary

April 11, 2012:  Lunch with Brigette at Toast and tour of The Burke Library  3 hours

Today I met with Brigette Kamsler to continue my Archives/Special Collections interview with her.  She is extremely helpful and has a definitive idea about who she is and what she wants to be doing.  I am impressed with her excitement for her job and how that influences how she portrays herself.  She is knowledgeable and is always willing to help anyone understand what it is that she does for a living.  This is evident in the extremely detailed answers she provided for my interview questions and the enthusiasm with which she showed me around her work place.

The Burke is housed in one of the most beautiful buildings in NYC, but beauty notwithstanding it is not built to house paper documents very well.  There are issues with humidity, water leakage, and a myriad of other “old building” related issues.  She was able to show me why it is all important to house materials correctly.  There was a whole collection that was directly under a leak.  These documents were housed in water-resistant Hollinger boxes; therefore the boxes took the majority of the damage, which helped to protect the documents inside.  It was very interesting to see how the location of the collection can hinder the proper conservation of records and exacerbate problems that all archivists have to deal with when trying to preserve their collections.

July 18, 2012:  Meet with Brigette to go over paperwork and brief orientation 1 1/2 hours

I went up to Union this afternoon to have a quick meeting with Brigette to make sure that she had all of my personal information in order to set up email and id for my first official day in September.  She also outlined how she was going to work the internship.  Essentially it is an internship for the uninitiated Archivist, which is perfect for me.  Aside from a brief stint working on a research project at the National Archives in Washington D. C. I have not really set foot in an archive.  Even my class at Pratt was held in the Rare Book and Manuscript Library at Columbia, for which I was only able to pour through a total of 5 archival boxes during the entire class.  I have never created a finding aid and I’ve never sorted a collection from beginning to end.  I am excited for this internship to begin, I believe I will be learning a lot.

Brigette gave me a basic schedule that we follow.  I will begin by going through some readings related to archival processing that she feels is necessary for any archivist to have a grasp of.  It is possible that I have read these in my Archives class, but a second go through should be beneficial as a good brush up.  Then she plans to start me off on a small collection which I will ignore the “less process, more product” rule and do a full and thorough processing job.  After I finish with that and I am comfortable with the whole process I will move on to processing a larger collection.  After that we will see what I have time for, it all depends on how quickly I can learn how to do all this.  The collections that I may be working with are within the William Adams Brown (WAB) Ecumenical Library Archives, namely the American Bilateral Conversations, 1965-1975 collection and the State Council of Churches collection.  Both were part of the collections that were under that leak and need to be rehoused and described.

I want to not only be able to learn how to assess, organize, and describe archival collections and write clear, understandable finding aides, but how to be a better manager, especially in regards to interns or new members of the staff.  I would like to focus my project not only on what I need to learn as an archivist, but also on what I think is valuable for any institution: how to effectively teach the uninitiated.

Total hours 4 1/2

As a note Brigette is using Archival Internships: A guide for faculty, supervisors and students by Janette Bastian and Donna Weber as her guide for developing effective internships for her students.  I need to purchase this book at some point for my own personal library